Hamlet oedipus complex critical essay

And for the deaths of Polonius, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern he feels not a twinge of guilt. But what if we proceed on the opposite assumption? In that case the tragedy turns out to be something quite different. As a Renaissance prince, steeped in the values of his class and culture, Hamlet is naturally appalled to find himself failing to play the prescribed royal part of righteous avenging son.

The savage Norse folk-tale of Amleth was first recorded by Saxo Grammaticus, and printed in this beautiful Latin edition of So with no adequate course of action open to him, paralysed by the futility of the revenge his society demands that he seek, Hamlet wavers and stalls, playing for time until circumstances force his hand and he kills Claudius in anger on the spur of the moment. Shakespeare ensures that Hamlet does avenge his father in the end. What Jones did was focus yet further on what he considered to be the essential mystery behind Shakespeare's work.

Hamlet Essay | Psychoanalytic Criticism: Hamlet as a Victim of Oedipus Complex | GradeSaver

Dover Wilson gives as his opinion that the understanding of Shakespeare's "Hamlet" is the greatest of all literary problems The central mystery in it -- namely the meaning of Hamlet's hesitancy in seeking to obtain revenge for his father's murder -- has been called the Sphinx of modern literature. Norton, N.

Within the past few years the analytic investigation of the workings of genius has been infused with fresh interest by the luminous studies of Freud, who has revealed some of the fundamental mechanisms by which artistic and poetic creativeness proceeds. Sigmund Freud - London No dramatic criticism of the personae in a play is possible except under the pretense that they are living people, and surely one is well aware of this pretense.

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Introduction 1. General Background Hamlet, a tragedy by William Shakespeare, was first performed in It was perhaps written in mid, and completed by It may be possible that Shakespeare rewrote and improved the previous play, but if it is to be true the first tragedy of Hamlet was not that much interesting or outstanding to be published or be remained in the history of English literature. His uncle has assumed the throne and drew his mother to adultery, because in Christianity it is unlawful to marry ones brother-in-law.


The ghost commands Hamlet to avenge but without injuring Gertrude. Hamlet is thinking of revenge, but he is afraid that he may saw a devilish ghost who wants to seduce him. He feigns madness. Polonius, the counselor, who wants to please the king, thinks that Hamlet has gone mad. He forces his daughter Ophelia to speak to Hamlet to figure out his real state of mind while he and the king are listening to them. Hamlet, once loved Ophelia with all his heart, now mistrusts her.

He denies his love for Ophelia and warrens her to go to a nunnery.

Ernest Jones

By hearing what Hamlet said, Claudius decides to send him to England. Hamlet welcomes a group of travelling players and manages a play to be performed in front of the courtiers and the king. The play has a story just like the one the ghost had previously told him.

Hamlet Critical Essay

In this way he could learn if his uncle is guilty by assessing his reaction to the play. In the middle of the play Claudius leaves in a fearful fury and Hamlet makes sure that he is guilty. The queen summons Hamlet to her room in order to talk to him while Polonius is hidden behind a curtain.

The queen, who has become horrified, yells for help. Polonius also yells, but Hamlet that thought the king is behind the curtain kills Polonius. Now king ensures that Hamlet is completely mad and decides to kill him by sending him to England. The death of the father draws Ophelia to insanity. At arriving in Denmark, his anger doubles by seeing his mad sister.

source site Claudius introduces Hamlet as the source of all these sufferings. By the help of pirates he comes back to Denmark. Ophelia is found drowned and it is at her funeral that Hamlet arrives. Claudius arranges a fencing match between Hamlet and Laertes.


The king gives the poisoned cup to Hamlet but he refuses it. Her mother drinks the wine and dies thereupon. Meanwhile Hamlet is wounded, and the exchange of weapons results in the death of Laertes. Before his death, Hamlet succeeds in killing Claudius. At this point, Fortinbras, prince of Norway, appears from wars with Poland and gives Hamlet a military funeral. Although enormous as well as remarkable efforts went into answering this question, some of the most knowledgeable literary authorities have admitted the inadequacy of all the solutions suggested for the problem of Hamlet- solutions which were proposed before the introduction of Psychoanalysis- and from a psychological point of view this inadequacy is more visible.

The aim of this paper thus is to offer an analysis of the motives of Hamlet under the light of Psychoanalysis, and by the theories of Sigmund Freud, the founder of the approach. But before getting involved in the Psychoanalytic analysis of the play, the author of these lines considers it necessary to mention the previous comments on the issue.

These analyses Psychoanalytical and classical will be explained in the third and fourth chapters of this paper. It probably expresses his major attitudes towards life and shows his philosophies and way of thinking, so being able to interpret and understand his masterpiece enables us to understand his other works and also literary mind as well. Second, as it was mentioned before, the central mystery in the play has given way to the creation of a large library for Hamlet studies, books have been written about it and scholars have presented essays, researches and lectures on it.

Discussion Questions A. Why did Hamlet hesitate to kill his uncle? Was the task so difficult that Hamlet was incapable of doing it? Can we find any allegorical tendencies in the play? Why do we try to examine the play on psychological grounds?